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Mikhail lermontov – russiapedia literature prominent russians

Михаил Лермонтов биография на английском

Михаил Юрьевич Лермонтов биография на английском

Mikhail Lermontov was born in 1814 into an aristocratic Russian family and grew up in a trilingual environment. His ancestor was the Scottish Knight George Lermont, who came to Russia in 1613 and served the Tsar. Lermontov’s grandmother hired a Frenchman, named Jean, who became a servant to the young poet. In addition his nanny was German. His mother died when he was 2 years old, and his grandmother took him away from his father. Lermontov graduated from a boarding school for the sons of the nobility in Moscow, where he studied English literature.

At age 14 he wrote «The prisoner of the Caucasus» and other early poems in the vein of Lord Byron and Shelly. From 1828-32 he studied at Moscow University. From 1832-34 he was a cadet at the Emperor’s School of Cavalry Guards in St. Petersburg, from which he graduated as an Officer of the Imperial Cavalry Guards. At that time her wrote «Borodino», dedicated to the 1812 victory over Napoleon.

Lermontov was stunned by the duel and death of Alexander Pushkin and accused the autocratic Tsar Nicholas I and his «greedy throng around the Throne» in the «murder of the Genius». Arrested and exiled to the war in the mountains of Caucasus, he distinguished himself in battles and returned to the capital of St. Petersburg as a celebrity. His disillusionment in the aristocratic milieu, and his indignant observations of the Metropolitan vanity fair, occasioned his drama, «Masquerade».

His duel with a French diplomat led to his second exile to the war in the Caucasus. In 1839 he finished his first and only novel «A Hero of Our Time» with a prophetic rendition of a duel which paralleled the end of his own life in July 1841. That duel was possibly the work of the Tsar’s conspiracy against yet another rebellious genius. Lermontov’s dexterous command of language shines in such masterpieces as «The Cliff», «Prophet», «The Dream». His sacrilegious «Demon», about an angel who falls in love with a mortal woman, inspired Anton Rubinstein on writing a lush opera. Boris Pasternak was influenced by Lermontov’s mellifluent lines, and Vladimir Nabokov imitated the structural patterns of «The Hero of Our Time».

University Life

In 1827 he shifted to Moscow along with his grandparents. There he completed his school life and starts studying at Moscow University. This was a very significant time as he starts writing poetry at that time. Not only writing, but he also starts painting images. In 1828 he published his poem named “Cherkesy” in English “Circassians” and “Kavkazsky plennik” in English “Prisoner of the Caucasus”.

It is said that he took inspiration from Lord Byron. Not only himself but so many contemporary writers have been inspired by the Romantic poet Lord Byron. In this year, he published another of his poem named “Vesna” that means ‘Spring’. In his college life, he has done more social works and an idealistic approach as well. After some years he published another of his novels “Stranny Chelovek” which got very famous at that time and many more university students got inspired by that.

Then he lost his father which gets reflected in some of his poems such as “Forgive Me, We Will Meet Again?” and “The Terrible Fate of Father and son”. Probably he was a bit sad about the loss of his father. In the later years, he published more works called “Menschen und Leidenschaften”.This drama gets ended with the tragic death of the protagonist who kills himself. Mikhail had a great interest in European politics and European Literature. This, he followed the European culture and adopt them in his writings.

Последняя дуэль

Во время возвращения из второй ссылки в Пятигорске Лермонтов встретил старого товарища Мартынова. Тот, оскорбленный злой шуткой поэта, вызывает Лермонтова на дуэль.

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Интересные факты

  • Первое и единственное издание стихотворений при жизни поэта было выпущено в 1840 году.
  • Лермонтов не был привлекателен для женского пола, но он посвятил немало произведений любовной теме. Однажды познакомившись с молодой девушкой из соседнего имения – , Лермонтов не получил взаимной симпатии. Из-за этого решает отомстить ей и через некоторое время влюбляет в себя и расстраивает ее предстоящую свадьбу. После чего «бросает» Сушкову и признается, что никогда ее не любил.
  • Будучи человеком дерзким, за всю свою недолгую жизнь Лермонтов три раза был на дуэли, а четыре раза дуэли удалось избежать благодаря здравомыслию окружающих.
  • На последней дуэли все были уверены в промахе оппонента Лермонтова, так как тот слыл плохим стрелком, не имевшим достаточного опыта в этом деле. Однако Мартынов попал Михаилу Лермонтову прямо в грудь, что привело к смерти поэта.

Все интересные факты из жизни Лермонтова

Мы подготовили интересный квест о жизни Михаила Юрьевича


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Отвечает Кабидолдин Арсен.

Creativity Lermontov, combining civil, philosophical and personal motives was in tune with the pressing needs of the spiritual life of Russian society, marking a new flowering of Russian literature. It had a great influence on the most prominent Russian writers and poets of the XIX and XX centuries. Works of Lermontov have received a great response in painting, theater, cinema. His poems became a genuine storehouse for the Opera, Symphony and write romances, folk songs

Отвечает Бородушкин Ваня.

Lermontov is famous Russian poet.Lermontov was writing poems.Lermontov is my favourite poet.Lermontov loved Kavkaz.

Творчество поэта и вторая ссылка

Дальнейшее творчество в биографии Михаила Лермонтова связано с редакцией журнала “Отечественные записки”.

За дуэль с сыном французского посла Э. Барантом поэт снова отправлен в ссылку на Кавказ (1840 г.), где участвует в военных действиях.

Лирика Лермонтова выражает темы отчужденности, одиночества, тяготения к вечности. Самые знаменитые произведения Лермонтова: «Парус» (1831 г.), «Маскарад»(1835 г.), “Боярин Орша”(1835–1836 гг.), «Мцыри» (1839 г.), «Бородино»(1837 г.), «Узник»(1837 г.), «Демон»(1839 г.), «Герой нашего времени» (1838–1840 гг.) – входят в перечень главных шедевров русской литературы.

“Наследие Лермонтова вошло в плоть и кровь русской литературы”, – так кратко и точно А.А. Блок определил роль великого писателя и его произведений в истории литературы.

Military school

He decided to move to St. Petersburg and entered a military cavalry school. A glittering army career tempted many young noble men of the time, but Lermontov quickly realised he wasn’t cut out for a life of drills, discipline and drinking.

He developed a poisonous wit and cruel humour that would often earn him enemies. Lermontov’s skill in drawing caricatures was matched by his ability to put someone in their place with a nickname or epigram.

Upon his graduation two years later, Lermontov became an officer in a Life-Guard Regiment stationed near St. Petersburg. He plunged into a heady high society mix of drawing-room gossip and ballroom glitter, gaining some fame as a poet.

М.Ю.Лермонтов — биография на английском

М.Ю.Лермонтов — биография на английском


Mikhail Lermontov (15. 10 1814 – 27.07 1841) — Russian writer and poet.Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was born on 15 October 1814 in Moscow. He spent his childhood in the village of Tarkhany which was located in Penza Oblast. As the saying goes in the 17th century one of the Scottish Earls of Learmont settled in Russia and Mikhail was his descendant. Scientists also made a supposition that famous Scottish poet Thomas Learmonth was his relative. According to established fact Mikhail Lermontov was a descendant of Yuri (George) Learmont who was a Scottish officer. In the 17th century he moved to Russia.Mikhail’s father, Yuri, was a serviceman. His mother Maria Arsenyeva died when Mikhail was a child. Lermontov’s grandmother, Yelizaveta Alekseyevna, brought him up after Maria’s death. At the age of ten Mikhail had problems with health and they moved to the Caucasus. The fertile climate of this region was good for Mikhail. From that time he loved the Caucasus.Lermontov spent his childhood in the intellectual atmosphere and he became interested in English literature. He studied Byron’s poetry. When Mikhail was a child he was taught by a Frenchman named Gendrot. But Yelizaveta Alekseyevna decided that additional education was necessary for her grandson and took him to Moscow where the young poet entered the gymnasium. While there Lermontov developed a passion for the poetry of Zhukovsky and Pushkin. After a while he met Katerina Khvostovaya whom he loved. Lermontov inscribed some poems to her. At the same time the young poet developed a talent for sarcastic humor. Moreover he could draw caricatures and pin somebody down with an epigram or nickname.In 1830 after studying at gymnasium Mikhail entered Moscow University. That year his father died and this event made a lasting impression on him. Lermontov’s sorrow was apparent in his poems «Forgive me, Will we Meet Again?» and «The Terrible Fate of Father and Son». Lermontov was not a student for a long time. In 1832 because of misunderstanding with professor Malov he left the university.After studying for two years at university Lermontov decided to change his career choice. Between 1830 and 1834 Lermontov attended the cadet school. In those years he started writing poetry. He became interested in Russian history and medieval epics and it was apparent in some his poems including the Song of the Merchant Kalashnikov and Borodino.In 1837 Pushkin died. His death produced a strong impression on Lermontov. Consequently he wrote a poem “Death of the Poet” which displeased the Tsar. Lermontov was immediately exiled to the Caucasus. But this region was native for him because he spent there his childhood.In 1838 and 1839 Lermontov was in Saint Petersburg. Mikhail loved Barbara Lopukhina and he described his love in the novel Princess Ligovskaya which he didn’t complete. In 1840 the son of French ambassador challenged Lermontov to a duel. As a result Mikhail returned to the army. He joined hand-to-hand combat at the Battle of the Valerik River. This event was a basis for his poem Valerik. By 1839 Lermontov wrote one of his famous novels, A Hero of Our Time. Mikhail Lermontov became a great poet of Russian literature. He is also called “the poet of the Caucasus”. Lermontov was a founder of the Russian psychological novel.In July 1841 because of Lermontov’s joke Nikolai Martynov challenged him to a duel. Martynov killed Lermontov with his first shot. Mikhail Lermontov was interred at Tarkhany.

The hero of his time

Ironically, the place of his exile was also the land he loved as a child. Attracted to the nature of the Caucasus and excited by its folklore, he studied the local languages, wrote some of his most splendid poems and painted extensively. Thanks to his grandmother’s efforts though, Lermontov soon returned to St. Petersburg, and to the high society theatre-going and ballroom dancing existence. Widely hailed as a promising literary talent, he published a number of his works and began his famous novel A Hero of Our Time.

Lermontov’s only novel earned him recognition as one of the founding fathers of Russian prose. The partially autobiographical story consists of five closely linked tales revolving around a single character, a disenchanted, bored and doomed young nobleman. Featuring the character Pechorin, the book is considered a pioneering classic of Russian psychological realism. It was published in 1840, earning the author widespread acclaim.

Презентация по творчеству М.Ю. Лермонтова на английском языке . «Парус»

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Mihail Lermontov was born On the 15(th) of October in 1814 near Pyatigorsk

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Lermontov ‘s parents His father, capitan Yuri Petrovich Lermontov (1787-1831), His mother — Maria M., nee. Arsenyeva (1795-1817).

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Childhood of a poet The childhood of the poet was held in the Arsenyev’s estate Tarkhany in Penza province. In the summer of 1825, the grandmother had got Lermontov to the Caucasus; children’s experiences of Caucasian nature and life of the mountain peoples remained in his early works («the Caucasus,» 1830; «the Blue mountains of the Caucasus, I welcome you!..», 1832).

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Lermontov in Moscow In 1827 the family moved to Moscow, and in 1828, Lermontov is credited with pansiona 4-th class of the Moscow University noble boarding school, where he received a liberal education. Already in Tarkhany, Lermontov’s keen interest in literature and poetic creativity. Already the pension is determined by the preferred orientation of Lermontov, A. S. Pushkin, Byronic poem. Byronic poem becomes the basis of early works by Lermontov.

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Sushkova is associated with the lyrical loop 1830 . Apparently, the Lermontov is experiencing even more severe, albeit short-term sense.. F. Ivanova (1813-1875), daughter of playwright F. F. Ivanov.

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Lermontov in St.Petersburg 1834 — Lermontov defined in the life-guard hussar regiment, standing in Tsarskoye Selo. The main time Lermontov spent in St. Petersburg.

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Lermontov in Caucasus In February, 1837. for the poem «death of a poet» (a response to the death of Alexander Pushkin) was transferred with the same rank in the Nizhny Novgorod Dragoon regiment in the Caucasus. There was an acquaintance of Lermontov and Belinsky and exiled Decembrists.

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3 Jan 1838. Lermontov returned from exile. At this time was published «the Song about merchant Kalashnikov…», «Tambov Treasurer», «Duma», «the Poet», «Three palm trees» ..

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In 1838-40 wrote the novel «Hero of our time»

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18 Feb 1840. for the duel with the son of a French Ambassador De barante was arrested and imprisoned in the Ordinance-Gauss, and then again sent to the Caucasus. In the Caucasus, Lermontov took part in all military operations, «surprising his prowess old Caucasian dzhigits.»

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15 Jul 1841. a duel with N. Martynov Lermontov was killed. He was buried in the cemetery in Pyatigorsk, in April 1842, the coffin with his body was moved and reburied in Tarkhany in the family cemetery.

Death and legacy

He joined the town’s social life, meeting one of his old acquaintances, fellow army officer Nikolay Martynov. Although the two men were seemingly on good terms, Martynov soon became a target of Lermontov’s sharp wit and caustic jokes.

One proved to be a joke too many and Martynov challenged Lermontov to a duel. It left Martynov unharmed – but was fatal for Lermontov. He was killed on the spot on the evening of July 27, 1941, at the foot of Mashuk Mountain. He was just 26.

Lermontov never married and left no children. His love-life proved an unhappy one. Despite some high society conquests, throughout his life he apparently remained in love with childhood friend Varvara Lopukhina. The passion was said to be reciprocal but, pressed by her family, Varvara went on to marry a wealthy aristocrat much older than herself. Many of Lermontov’s poems are devoted to his lifelong love, Varvara becoming an inspiration behind many of his female characters.

Lermontov’s life is viewed as one of the most epic and dramatic in the history of Russian literature. Although many of his major poetic works remain largely unknown to English-speaking readers, they can be readily quoted from memory by millions of Russians.

The second exile

But Lermontov’s socialite life wouldn’t last for long. That same year he clashed with the son of a French ambassador over a young society woman. A duel followed that prompted the poet’s second Caucasian exile. Lermontov was dispatched to the front-line fighting the local tribesmen. He proved to be a brave soldier but dreamed of the time when he could leave the army and devote himself entirely to his writing.

He was eventually allowed two-months leave and promptly rushed to St. Petersburg, but the Czar declined his request for discharge and denied him the award of bravery in battle. Lermontov was forced to return back to the army, arriving in the town of Pyatigorsk in May 1841.

My Favourite Writer (M. Lermontov)

One of Russia’s most celebrated poets of all times, Michael Lermontov was born in Moscow in the family of a nobleman. He spent his childhood and youth in Tarckany, in the province of Penza. In 1830 Lermontov entered the Moscow University, but very soon he had to leave it. Then he entered St. Petersburg School of Cavalry Cadets. He finished it and served in the Hussar Regiment of the Imperial Guard. In 1837 the poet was exiled to the Caucasus for his poem «Poets Death». In 1840 Lermontov was exiled to the Caucasus for the second time. He was provoked into personal quarrel with his schoolmate. The quarrel led to a duel. On July 15th, 1841 the poet was killed. He was not even 27 at that time. Lermontov began writing when he was very young. One of his first writings to be published was his verse tale «Hadji Arbek». But he won fame as a poet after his poem «Poets Death» was published. Lermontov’s poems «Demon» «Mtsyri» his great novel «A Hero of Our Time» and his play «Masquerade» are masterpieces of Russian literature. Whether he wrote poetry, drama or prose, the stamp of his genius was to be found on his works. Lermontov’s influence as of a poet and a thinker on all Russian writes can’t be overestimated.

Moscow University

At the age of 14 Lermontov was taken to Moscow to continue his education. He enrolled at Moscow University, one of Russia’s best, in 1830. He started writing poetry, with much of his early verse greatly influenced by the works of British poet Lord Byron.

A year into his university studies, the final, tragic act of the family drama played out. Having been deeply hurt by his son’s alienation, Lermontov’s father died. For Mikhail it was a terrible loss, plunging the young man into depression.

Lermontov’s career at the university proved short-lived. He rarely took part in student life and showed little interest in lectures, often bringing books from home instead. He eventually left university without completing his course and seriously reconsidered his options.

Personal Life of Mikhail Lermontov

Mikhail Lermontov is a romantic poet and romantic playwright who have struggled a lot to be a successful man throughout the life. When he was young he falls in love with a woman. He wrote about this girl whom he loved in his poetry.

“o early in life, at ten! Oh, this mystery, this Paradise Lost, it will be tormenting my mind till the very grave. Sometimes I feel funny about it and am ready to laugh at this first love of mine, but more often I’d rather cry,”Later after her, he falls in love with another lady named Yekaterina Sushkova. This was to an unsuccessful love. Though they meet later in his life. This was 1890 when he again falls in love with Lopukhina and he started writing a drama that remained unwritten. There are other characters named Princess Mary and Vera who got inspired by his love story.

Therefore his writings are more close to his personal life and love affairs.

In the last years of his life, he visited Moscow. Then he writes,“In the mornings he was writing, but the more he worked, the more need he felt to unwind in the evenings,”In 1841 he dies and this was a very young age for Mikhail Lermontov. He was buried and there were more than a thousand people. This is how the great power lives for his poetry and dramas.

Life with grandmother

The father and son were eventually separated and, at the age of three, Lermontov began a spoilt and luxurious life with his doting grandmother, at her family estate of Tarkhany, in the Penza region in Central Russia.

No expense was spared to provide Lermontov with the best schooling and lifestyle his grandmother’s money could buy. He received an extensive home education, becoming fluent in French and German, playing several music instruments and proving a gifted painter.

Since he suffered from poor health, Arsenyeva undertook several trips to the sunny Caucasus for a better climate and treatment at the mineral springs. The Caucasus greatly impressed Lermontov, inspiring a passion for its mountains and stirring beauty.

Yet fearing Lermontov’s father would eventually claim his right to bring up his son, Arsenyeva strictly limited contact between the two, causing young Lermontov much pain and remorse. Despite all the pampering lavished upon him, and torn by the family feud, he grew up lonely and withdrawn.

Тема Биография Лермонтова на английском языке: диалоги, сочинение

  • Родиться – be born
  • Биография — biography
  • Автор — author
  • Образование — education

Михаил Юрьевич Лермонтов – один из самых известных русских поэтов, произведения которого входят в классику русской литературы.

Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov is one of the most famous Russian poets, whose works are included in the classics of Russian literature.

Родился он в Москве 15 октября 1814 года.

He was born in Moscow on October 15, 1814.

Его родителями были дворянин Юрий Лермонтов и Мария Арсеньева, принадлежавшая к богатому и знатному роду Столыпиных.

His parents were a nobleman, Yuri Lermontov, and Maria Arsenyeva, who belonged to the rich and noble family of the Stolypin.

Через два года после рождения Михаила его мать умерла, и бабушка по матери взяла мальчика к себе на воспитание.

Two years after the birth of Michael, his mother died, and his maternal grandmother took the boy into her care.

В 12 лет Лермонтов поступил в университетский благородный пансион.

At age 12, Lermontov entered the university noble boarding house.

Писать стихи Лермонтов начал в пансионе в 1828 году.

Lermontov began to write poems in a boarding house in 1828.

В сентябре 1830 года молодой человек поступил в Московский университет.

In September 1830, a young man entered Moscow University.

В 1834 году окончил Санкт-Петербургскую гвардейскую школу.

In 1834 he graduated from the St. Petersburg Guards School.

Сочинение о Лермонтове на английском языке

Самыми известными произведениями Лермонтова являются роман «Герой нашего времени», поэмы «Демон», «Мцыри», «Песня про купца Калашникова», стихи «Парус», «Смерть поэта» и многие другие.

В 1837 году за стихотворение «Смерть поэта» Лермонтов был арестован и отправлен в ссылку на Кавказ. Благодаря бабушке в 1838 году Лермонтов снова вернулся в петербургский свет.

Михаил Юрьевич Лермонтов был убит на дуэли, которая произошла в Пятигорске.

Трагическая смерть Лермонтова произошла 15 июля 1841 года. Ему было всего 26 лет.


The most famous works of Lermontov are the novel “The Hero of Our Time”, the poem “The Demon”, “Mtsyri”, “The Song of the Merchant Kalashnikov”, the poems “The Sail”, “The Poet’s Death” and many others.

In 1837, for the poem “Death of a Poet”, Lermontov was arrested and sent into exile to the Caucasus. Thanks to his grandmother in 1838, Lermontov returned to the light of St. Petersburg again.

For a duel with the son of the French ambassador, the poet was again sent to exile in the Caucasus in 1840, where he participated in hostilities. Returning from the second link, Lermontov met an old comrade. They had a quarrel, which resulted in Martynov summoning the poet to a duel.

Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was killed in a duel that occurred in Pyatigorsk.

The tragic death of Lermontov occurred July 15, 1841. He was only 26 years old.

Диалог о Михаиле Лермонтове

— Кто такой Лермонтов?

— Это великий писатель! Ты должен знать его стихи. Ты читал «Мцыри»?

— О, да. Это хорошо известная романтическая поэма, и она мне очень понравилась.

— Это поэма Лермонтова, написанная в 1839 году.

— Who is Lermontov?

— This is a great writer! You should know his poems. Have you read “Mtsyri”?

— Oh yeah. This is a well-known romantic poem, and I really liked it.

— This is a poem by Lermontov, written in 1839.

Caught in the family feud

Lermontov was born on October 15, 1814, in Moscow. His father, Yuri, was an impoverished army officer, while his mother, Maria Arsenyeva, was a wealthy young heiress from a prominent aristocratic family. Lermontov’s maternal grandmother, Elizaveta Arsenyeva, regarded their marriage as a clear mismatch and deeply disliked her son-in-law.

The union turned out to be ill-suited and the couple soon grew apart. Lermontov’s mother died three years later, aged 21, a disappointed and melancholic figure. After her death, her rich and authoritative mother, Elizaveta, launched a formidable battle for her beloved grandson, promising to disinherit him if his father took the boy away.

Мой любимый писатель

I like reading books. I have read many books. I had to read some books at school, so they were the part of lessons and I found other books for myself because they were interesting for me. I should say that the series of books about Harry Potter written by J.K. Rowling impressed me most of all.
Я люблю читать книги. Я прочитала много книг. Мне пришлось читать некоторые книги в школе, они были частью уроков, но я нашла и другие книги, потому что они были интересны для меня. Я должна сказать, что серия книг о Гарри Поттере, написанная Джоан Роулинг впечатлила меня больше всего.
Joanne Rowling is a British writer who became very famous and popular after the publication of the book “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” in 1997. The story tells us about a boy who is the most famous child in the magical world. He knew it on the day of his eleventh birthday. The series of books ended with the publication of the seventh book «Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows» in 2007. 10 years have already passed but the books are still very popular. Why are they so popular?
Джоан Роулинг – британская писательница, которая стала очень известной и популярной после публикации в 1997 году книги «Гарри Поттер и философский камень». История рассказывает нам о мальчике, который является самым известным ребенком в волшебном мире. Он узнал об этом, когда ему исполнилось одиннадцать. Серия книг закончилась публикацией седьмой книги «Гарри Поттер и Дары смерти» в 2007 году. Уже прошло 10 лет, но книги по-прежнему очень популярны. Почему они так популярны?
Joan Rowling has achieved success because her books are interesting for people of all ages. Children read her books as a fairy tale, teenagers learn how to be a good friend and adults can spend hours analyzing the actions of the characters.
Джоан Роулинг добилась успеха, потому что ее книги интересны людям всех возрастов. Дети читают ее книги как сказку, подростки учатся быть хорошими друзьями, а взрослые могут часами анализировать действия персонажей.
Nowadays Joanne Rowling is known for her criminal novels “Call of the Cuckoo” (2013), “Silkworm” (2014), “On the Service of Evil” (2015). She wrote these books under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith. It is important to say that Joanne Rowling is a famous screenwriter and a film producer. Rowling donates a great part of her income to charity.
В настоящее время Джоанн Роулинг известна своими криминальными романами «Зов кукушки» (2013), «Шелкопряд» (2014), «На службе зла» (2015). Она написала эти книги под псевдонимом Роберт Гэлбрейт

Важно сказать, что Джоан Роулинг – известный сценарист и продюсер. Роулинг отдает большую часть своего дохода на благотворительность

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